Today archaeologists excavate into the depths of the earth to look for the lost civilisations and to learn how our forefathers lived. It is true that they have delved into the past and achieved some success but we cannot say with certainty that their conclusions are reliable. What may be said of their results is that they are strong assumptions. Actually, they are deprived of celestial knowledge which only Divine revelation can provide.
It is Divine revelation alone that reveals to us the conditions and lives of ancient people. The straightforward but definite Divine revelation are from the All-knowing and All-Aware Being from Whom nothing on earth or in the heavens is hidden and hence the knowledge received through that revelation is authentic and reliable. The Hadith that we will now see portrays the beginning of mankind. It describes the instinctive nature of the father of mankind, Sayyidina Aadam (as) and reveals his characteristics which have been inherited by his progeny. It also mentions some of the religious dogmas and heavenly modes of living which became obligatory for Aadam (as) and his children.
Imam Tirmizi has transmitted in his sunan from sayyidina abu hurayrah (ra). He said that the Messenger of Allah (swt) said- When Allah created Aadam He wiped his back and every soul of his offspring He was to create up to the Day of Resurrection fell from his back. He put on the forehead of everyone of them a flash of light, then presented them to
Aadam who asked, "My Lord, who are they? "Allah said, "They are your offspring."
He saw one of them and was charmed by the flash on his forehead, hence he asked, "My Lord! Who is this?" Allah told him that he was a man from his children of the final group of
people who would be called Dawood. Aadam asked, "My Lord! What age have You assigned to him?" Allah said, "Sixty years." Aadam requested, "My Lord! Increase his age and give him forty years of my life."
When Aadam's period of life came to an end, the angel of death came to him. He protested, "Are there not forty years of my life remaining?" The angel reminded him, "Did you not give them to your son, Dawood?" Aadam denied it (with the result that) all his children denied. And, Aadam forgot (with the result that) all his children developed (the malady of) forgetfulness. And Aadam slipped and his children faltered.] (Imam Tirmizi called this Hadith hasan sahih.)
[Tirmizi has again transmitted a Hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah (ra). He said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: When Allah created Aadam and breathed the spirit Into him he sneezed and said, "Praise be to Allah!" So he praised Allah by His leave and his Lord said to him, "Allah have mercy on you, O Aadam. Go to those angels-the company of them
who are seated-and say As-salamu alaykum 'Peace be upon you.' (So, he did the same thing and) the angels replied, wa alaykas salam wa rahmat Allahi wa barakatuhu. "And, peace be on you and the mercy of Allah and His favours." He thenreturned to his Lord, and He said, "This is your salutation and the greeting of your offspring among them."]
The with his hands closed. Allah said to him, “choose which of them you wish.” He said, “I choose my Lords right hand, and both of my Lords hands are right and blessed.” Then he opened it and it contained Aadam and his descendant. He asked, “My Lord, what are these?” He said, “These are your descendants.” (He saw that) every man's age was written on his forehead, and there was one of them the brightest of them all. He asked, “My Lord, who is this?” Allah said, “He is your son, Dawood, and I have recoreded his age as forty-years.” He said, “My Lord, increase his life.” But Allah said, “That is what I have recorded for him.” Then, Aadam said, “I give him sixty years of my life.” Allah said, “That is your wish.”
(The Prophet (saw) continued:) He then lived in Paradise as long as Allah wished, then he was sent down from it. Now, (on coming down to earth,) Aadam was reckoning for himself (his period of life.) Then, the angel of death came to him and Aadam said to him, "You have come before your time. A thousand years have been recorded for me." He said, "Certainly, but you gave sixty years (of that) to your son Dawood." But, Aadam denied, and his descendants denied; and he forgot, and his descendants forgot. From that day, it was commanded to write down and to have witnesses (so that no one may deny later on.)] (Tirmizi has termed the Hadith as hasan gharib. Tirmizi has
transmitted it in Kitab Tafseer, chapter on surah A I-A 'raf, 4/267 and surah Al-Falaq and An-Nas 5/454.)
Allah created Sayyidina Aadam (as) in a perfect form. It is not